The nigeria constitution is the highest law in nigeria, any law that is not consistent with the constitution is null and void. The latest constitution of nigeria that was created to rule our country was accepted in 1999. The 1979, 1989 and present 1999 constitutions were advanced by the military as. Constitution of the federal republic of nigeria promulgation. The house of representatives shall be composed of members chosen every second year by the people of the several. I got this and needed to share for every christian believer to read and gain understanding abuja declaration 1989 the abuja declarion is the outcome of a conference of the african countries of the oic in 1989 and launched by a communique of the islam in africa organisation iao founded during this conference.
The leadership of the national assembly on thursday met with the minister of finance, budget and national planning to be briefed by the latter on the plan by. Whereas the federal military government of the federal republic of nigeria in compliance with the transition to civil rule political programme decree 1998 has, through the independent national electoral commission, conducted elections to the office. The statutes and goals are ratified in 1991 and this marks her formal definitive founding. Download pdf this document is the constitution of nigeria from 1979. Constitution of the federal republic of nigeria 1979. Official language policies have variously been enunciated in documents such as the national policy on education 1977, revised in 1981, and the 1979 constitution. Thus, in the colonial era, the constitution, where it existed, rather than being an instrument of empowerment was an instrument of domination. No public institution in nigeria has been so subjected to frequent reforms than local government. Constitution of the federal republic of nigeria pdf download. A constitutional history of nigeria download ebook pdf. The constitution actually uses the word alteration but i prefer to use the term amendment which is more universal in usage. The citizenship provisions of the 1979 constitution have been slightly modified and reenacted in the 1989 constitution which will come into effect on october 1, 1992.
Jul, 2018 just like every other country, nigeria has it own law that is a constitution which is the highest law in every country. The senate on tuesday considered a critical bill which seeks to boost advanced healthcare service delivery in nigeria to act as safeguard and response to medical emergency in the. Features of 1989 republican constitution nigerian infopedia. Maybe it is the season of politics or maybe people just want to know. There have been a lot of searches on the web for the nigerian constitution these days. Part ii powers of the federal republic of nigeria 4. After general muhammadu buhari took over government on 31 may 1983, some sections of the 1979 republican constitution under which the civilian regime operated, were suspended. Constitutions of 1975 and of 1989constitution of 1989. The constitution, in nigerias situation, is the supreme law of the land which all acts of individuals and of parliament must not contravene. Constitution of the federal republic of nigeria promulgation decree 1989 no.
The law and politics of constitution making in nigeria. The basic law bl is binding above all for the exiled government of sealand and is directly binding for the representatives of the government. Examining environmental policies and laws in nigeria. The federal and regional governments were allocated separate. Nigeria, thus assumes obligations under the provision of the treaty in accordance with customary international law. Preamble to nigeria s 1999 constitution and the bakassi matter. The crc produced a constitution which was deliberated upon by a 452member constituent assembly ca, established on 11 may 1988.
Brief history of local government in nigeria legit. It is the basis of all future activities of sealand. Constitution of the federal republic of nigeria 1999, as. That has been the journey so far of nigeria s constitution development, from the colonial era to the current 1999 edition, as amended. Constitution making in any polity is essentially a political process where all the major, relevant and active interests seek to. The organisation was founded on 28 november 1989 in abuja, nigeria, with the goal to win the whole of africa for islam. In the spring of 1989, ibb lifted the ban on political activity in, which had been in place since the coup of 1983 the conference citation needed established two political. The may 1999 constitution, like those of 1979 and 1989, and the draft constitution of 1995, provided for a federal republic with an executive president on the us model. All legislative powers herein granted shall be vested in a congress of the united states, which shall consist of a senate and house of representatives.
Almost all successive administrations in nigeria introduce one administrative change or another. It was under babangida governments transition to civil rule programme that the 1989 constitution was formulated in a process involving a. This first set of constitutions was passed in the following years. Constitution making process independent nigeria has so far experimented with five constitutions, the 1960, 1963, 1979, 1989 and 1999 constitutions.
This ca submitted its report to the armed forces ruling council afrc, the highest governing body under babangida administration, which after amending some portions promulgated the 1989 constitution of nigeria into. The independence of the judiciary under the third republican. Two other less cited documents exist, to wit the 1989 constitution and the 1987 political bureau report. Pdf there has been repeated calls for restructuring in nigeria, largely due to. Six new states were created in october 1996, bringing the total to 36. Notwithstanding the provisions of chapter iii of this constitution but subject to section 28 thereof, any person who became a citizen of nigeria by birth, registration or naturalisation under the provisions of any other constitution shall continue to be a citizen of nigeria under this constitution. Discusses the 1950, 1954, 1979 and 1989 constitutions of nigeria, and includes appendix. Nigerian constitution dates back to the british annexation of lagos in 1861 and the establishment of the legislative council in june 1862, although it is problematic whether one can talk of the nigerian constitution before october 1. Constitution of nigeria 1999 wikisource, the free online. The constitutional situation of the nigerian states. Forfeiture of assets miscellaneous provisions decree 1990. On the whole, looking at the supremacy of the constitution and governance in nigeria, it is instructive to note that there has been poor culture of constitutionalism in nigeria.
Aniagolu, the making of the 1989 constitution of nigeria. The separation of powers in local government in nigeria. Jan 10, 2017 we the people of the federal republic of nigeria, having firmly and solemnly resolved, to live in unity and harmony as one indivisible and indissoluble sovereign nation under god, dedicated to the promotion of interafrican solidarity, world peace, international cooperation and understanding and to provide for a constitution for the purpose of promoting the good government and welfare of all. Political activities were banned and the constitution remained suspended. The organisation was founded on 28 november 1989 in abuja, nigeria, with the goal to win the whole of. It includes chapters on general provisions, fundamental objectives and directive principles of state policy, citizenship, fundamental rights, the legislative, the executive, the judiciary, federal capital territory and general supplementary provisions. The constitution of nigeria is the supreme law of the federal republic of nigeria. The constitution of the third republic was drafted in 1989. Constitution of the federal republic of nigeria 1979, as amended. It is the fundamental and organic law of a nation or state that establishes.
Nigeria constitution of the federal republic of nigeria. This document became the fourth in nigerian history to appear in the law field. Constitution of the federal republic of nigeria promulgation ncbi. The nigerian constitution 1960, 1979, 1989 and 1999. Features of 1999 constitution in nigeria updated legit. A new constitution was drafted, which saw the westminster system of government previously used in the first republic jettisoned for an americanstyle presidential system. History of nigerian constitutional development the jet lawyer.
Nigeria became independent on october 1, 1960 the period between dis ddate is january 15, 1966, when the first military corp detat took place, is generally referred to as the first republic, although the country became a republic on october 1, 1963. The current constitution was enacted on 29 may 1999, inaugurating the nigerian fourth republic. This constitution shall have the force of law throughout nigeria and, subject to the provisions of section 4 of this constitution, if any other law including the constitution of a region is inconsistent with this constitution, this constitution shall prevail and the. Founded 1979 following the assassination of nigerian military head of state, general murtala mohammed in 1976, his successor general olusegun obasanjo initiated the transition process to terminate military rule in 1979. System, including mandatory twoparty system, 21 states, and greater. Sep 14, 2018 this constitution comes into effect on august 8, 1989, the day following its adoption. The nigerian constitution makes fundamental provision for environmental protection and clearly identifies important components of environment 3. Section 20 of the constitution of the federal republic. Constitution of the federal republic of nigeria wipo. Get a fullyhyperlinked free pdf softcopy of the 1999 nigerian constitution, as amended.
In the spring of 1989, ibb lifted the ban on political activity in, which had been in place since the coup of 1983 the conference. States creation and transitional provisions decree 1976 decree no 12. Usman muhamad bugaje is the current secretarygeneral of the iao. However, there is a huge history before that constitution and its power. I used to have just the 1999 constitution available for download but i have now added the files for 1960, 1979 and 1989. This constitution shall have the force of law throughout nigeria and, subject to the provisions of section 4 of this constitution, if any other law including the constitution of a region is inconsistent with this constitution, this constitution shall prevail and the other law shall, to the extent of the inconsistency, be void. This constitution comes into effect on august 8, 1989, the day following its adoption. History of nigerian constitutional development the. Local administration in nigeria has passed the four distinct stages of development. Ghanas constitution of 1992 with amendments through 1996. This thesis is a study of the constitution making processes in nigeria from the colonial inception to the 1989 constitution which is scheduled to usher in a putative third republic. It includes chapters on general provisions, fundamental objectives and directive principles of state policy, citizenship, fundamental rights, the legislative, the executive, the judiciary, federal capital territory and.
Recognise the supremacy of the nigerian constitution to other laws with emphasis on the 1989 constitution 30 evaluate the main parts of the nigerian constitution 34 draft a constitution for an association. The constitution of 1946 was passew when the westminster style parliamentary constitution was enacted in the country. Constitution of the federal republic of nigeria ilo. Although apparently covering a wide scope, its boundary is limited by its perspective. Following the state creation in 1996, local government is presently 774 including the fct. The 1989 constitution was set up by a goodluck jonathan b babatunde fashola c ibrahim babangida d all of the above. This situation also obtained under the military government of general ibrahim babangida who himself seized power in a military coup. The first epoch took place from 1946 to 1966, the second epoch lasted from 1967 to 1976, and the final stage started from 1976 and exists till date. Pos112 nigerian constitutional development 2 units process of nigerian constitutional development in a chronological and sequential order. The constitution of the federal republic of nigeria 1989. The nigerian constitution 1960, 1979, 1989 and 1999 there have been a lot of searches on the web for the nigerian constitution these days. The constitution guarantees every citizen equality under the law. Nigeria s first constitutions were enacted by order in council during the colonial era, when the country was administered. Thus, in the colonial era, the constitution, where it existed, rather than being an instrument of empowerment was an.
This document contains major provisions of the constitution of the federal republic of nigeria which was promulgated by decree in 1989. Having firmly and solemnly resolve, to live in unity and harmony as one indivisible and indissoluble sovereign nation under god, dedicated to the promotion of interafrican. Mar 17, 2016 history of nigerian constitutional development introduction. The constitution, in nigeria s situation, is the supreme law of the land which all acts of individuals and of parliament must not contravene. The law and politics of constitution making in nigeria, 1900. Chapter 1 representative democracy in nigeria introduction democracy is the form of government, in which the people of a country, state or. The senate on tuesday considered a critical bill which seeks to boost advanced healthcare service delivery in nigeria to act as safeguard and response to medical emergency in the future. General ibrahim badamasi babangida ibb, the military head of state, promised to end military rule by 1990. The islam in africa organisation iao is a nigerian statuted islamic organisation, an initiative of the organisation of the islamic conference oic.
The current number of local government in nigeria is 774. Promulgation decree 1989, including the constitution of the federal republic of nigeria 1989. In this article, we shall examine the current nigerian law on citizenship as ordained by the 1979 constitution as well as the changes introduced by the 1989 constitution. The importance of a constitution in any given society cannot be overemphasized. The 1999 constitution has given birth to the fourth republic, though with problems for which it faces demands for a revision or amendment. Constitution of the federal republic of nigeria promulgation decree.1304 641 288 529 663 1374 1586 765 1353 201 1567 1389 44 867 744 227 1219 297 355 1288 633 1039 1651 729 1061 1110 1278 949 1085 322 1138 125 252 1070 633 1448 617